Dental Implants

 Types of Implants and Restorations

There are now more than 40 different types of what can now be termed traditional or standard implants available today. There are also two others, mini and micro-mini implants. Mini implants are like traditional implants but usually smaller in diameter where as micro-mini implants are a variation of the now more traditional implant design, but smaller, narrower and more screw like in appearance, they are more temporary in nature and designed to be easily removed.

Types of Implant Restorations:

  • Single tooth replacements: use one implant and as the name suggests support a single crown.

Multiple tooth replacements: multiple missing teeth can be replaced with multiple implants supporting fixed bridgework as small as a 3-unit bridge supported by two implants, or with multiple implants supporting a greater number of teeth. Usually a minimum number of 4-8 implants are needed to replace a full arch (jaw) of teeth, 10 or more crowns by fixed bridgework.

Combinations of fixed and removable bridgework: generally where implants are used to support a section of fixed bridgework, to which is attached a removable section.

  • Over-dentures: where two or more implants, either standard or mini-implants, are placed to provide stabilization of the denture and preserve the underlying bone. Whereas most traditional full dentures press directly on the gum and bone causing bone loss by resorption, implant supported over-dentures protect the bone. Over-dentures are now considered the standard of care by the American Dental Association for the patients who have lost all of their teeth in one or both jaws.
  • Anchorage for tooth movement (orthodontics): Implants, either standard, mini, or micro-mini implants, are now being used to provide very stable and non-movable anchor units to allow quicker and easier tooth movement.
  • Temporary bridgework: utilize micro-mini implants which are later removed when the permanent implants are healed and teeth permanently replaced. They ensure that at no time will a person be without teeth and can therefore be socially comfortable and functional.

The dental implants are typically titanium, which is safe, and proven effective replacement for the tooth root.  It is effective because the implant is placed in the jawbone and fuses with your natural bone, the dental implant are therefore a stable and sturdy base for your replacement teeth.

Various types of dental implants are available, including:

  • Endosteal implants are placed in the jawbone. Typically shaped like small screws, cylinders or plates, they are the most commonly used type of implant.
  • Subperiosteal implants are placed under the gum but on, or above, the jawbone. This type of implant may be used in patients who have a shallow jawbone and cannot or do not want to undergo a procedure to rebuild it.

Prosthodontist

A dental specialists that has trained and is certified in the restoration and replacement of broken teeth with crowns, bridges, or removable prosthetics (dentures).  This branch of dentistry also specializes in understanding the dynamics of the smile, preserving a healthy mouth, and creating tooth replacements.  Prosthodontists work closely with other dental practitioners in the care of restoring natural teeth, replacing missing teeth, and/or developing artificial substitutes for damaged oral and maxillofacial tissues.  Furthermore, prosthodontists are highly trained specialists with a unique understanding of all the elements that go into a beautiful, functional and natural-looking smile—not just the teeth, but also the gums, lips, and facial features.

 

For more general information on Prosthodontist please see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prosthodontics

Periodontist

Periodontists are trained for the care and prevention of gum-related diseases, guided bone regeneration, and dental implants. It is the specialty of dentistry that includes managing diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or implants, and the maintenance of the health, function, and esthetics of these structures and surrounding tissues.  Among other things, they can recognize and treat the early stages of gum inflammation before it gets out of hand; perform minor surgery to resolve complicated cases of periodontitis (severe gum disease); use lasers or gum grafting techniques to restore the appearance of a smile; and even place dental implants in the jaw, when a tooth can’t be saved.

 

For more information on Periodontist Dentistry please see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Periodontology

Orthodontist

Orthodontists are trained and specialize in the development, prevention, and correction of irregularities of the teeth, bite, and jaws.  Orthodontists also have specialized training in facial abnormalities and disorders of the jaw.  Orthodontists do much more than place those traditional braces on the teeth; braces themselves don’t necessarily look like they used to (in fact, you may have trouble seeing them at all); and more and more of today’s orthodontic patients aren’t adolescents.

 

For more general information see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthodontics

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are known as orthopedic facial surgeons responsible for treating a wide range of dental issues, including but not limited to the removal of impacted teeth and reconstructive surgery.

This dental specialty includes the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects involving both functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.   For complex treatments that may require more invasive procedures or deeper levels of sedation, these specialists may be recommended.

 

Other examples of services provided:

 

Removing diseased and impacted teeth and administering anesthesia.

Placing dental implants.

Treating facial trauma.

Evaluating pathologic conditions.

Alleviating facial pain.

Performing reconstructive and cosmetic surgery.

Performing corrective jaw (orthognathic) surgery.

Providing surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

 

For more general information on Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery please see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dentist

Endodontist

Endodontists specialize in root canal therapy. This means they are concerned with the morphology, physiology, and pathology of the human dental pulp and periradicular tissues.  This includes the prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries to the pulp as well as other periradicular conditions.  Inflammation and pain in the tooth’s pulp can be quite severe. Getting relief from the pain and controlling an infection in the pulp tissue may require root canal therapy, or another treatment of the tooth’s soft tissue. These procedures, along with many others, are frequently performed by endodontists.

 

For more general information about Endodontists please see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endodontics

Pediatric Dentist

A specialist dealing particularly with the oral health care of children, from infancy through the teenage years.  In guiding children and teens through their dental growth and development to provide children comprehensive  dental care.

 

For more information on Pediatric Dentistry please see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pediatric_dentistry

General Dentist

General dentists provide a variety of treatments and preventive services, from basic cleaning, filling cavities to teeth whitening, and more.  They offer dental care, dental education, and trustworthy advice for your whole family.  This means that during your twice yearly office visit they will provide preventative services, restorative services, cosmetic procedures, and any other overall health concern.

 

For more information on General Dentistry please see; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dentist

 

 

Type of Dentists

General Dentist

General dentists provide a variety of treatments and preventive services, from basic cleaning, filling cavities to teeth whitening, and more.  They offer dental care, dental education, and trustworthy advice for your whole family.  This means that during your twice yearly office visit they will provide preventative services, restorative services, cosmetic procedures, and any other overall health concern.

Pediatric Dentist

A specialist dealing particularly with the oral health care of children, from infancy through the teenage years.  In guiding children and teens through their dental growth and development to provide children comprehensive  dental care.

Endodontist

Endodontists specialize in root canal therapy. This means they are concerned with the morphology, physiology, and pathology of the human dental pulp and periradicular tissues.  This includes the prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries to the pulp as well as other periradicular conditions.  Inflammation and pain in the tooth’s pulp can be quite severe. Getting relief from the pain and controlling an infection in the pulp tissue may require root canal therapy, or another treatment of the tooth’s soft tissue. These procedures, along with many others, are frequently performed by endodontists.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are known as orthopedic facial surgeons responsible for treating a wide range of dental issues, including but not limited to the removal of impacted teeth and reconstructive surgery.

This dental specialty includes the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects involving both functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.   For complex treatments that may require more invasive procedures or deeper levels of sedation, these specialists may be recommended.

Orthodontist

Orthodontists are trained and specialize in the development, prevention, and correction of irregularities of the teeth, bite, and jaws.  Orthodontists also have specialized training in facial abnormalities and disorders of the jaw.  Orthodontists do much more than place those traditional braces on the teeth; braces themselves don’t necessarily look like they used to (in fact, you may have trouble seeing them at all); and more and more of today’s orthodontic patients aren’t adolescents.

Periodontist

Periodontists are trained for the care and prevention of gum-related diseases, guided bone regeneration, and dental implants. It is the specialty of dentistry that includes managing diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or implants, and the maintenance of the health, function, and esthetics of these structures and surrounding tissues.  Among other things, they can recognize and treat the early stages of gum inflammation before it gets out of hand; perform minor surgery to resolve complicated cases of periodontitis (severe gum disease); use lasers or gum grafting techniques to restore the appearance of a smile; and even place dental implants in the jaw, when a tooth can’t be saved.

Prosthodontist

A dental specialists that has trained and is certified in the restoration and replacement of broken teeth with crowns, bridges, or removable prosthetics (dentures).  This branch of dentistry also specializes in understanding the dynamics of the smile, preserving a healthy mouth, and creating tooth replacements.  Prosthodontists work closely with other dental practitioners in the care of restoring natural teeth, replacing missing teeth, and/or developing artificial substitutes for damaged oral and maxillofacial tissues.  Furthermore, prosthodontists are highly trained specialists with a unique understanding of all the elements that go into a beautiful, functional and natural-looking smile—not just the teeth, but also the gums, lips, and facial features.